Five easy steps for counting emperor penguins:
1) Have your government develop a sophisticated satellite imaging system. Convince them to do this by telling them they should really track potential nuclear weapon sites and other dangerous sorts of things.
2) Once the satellite is up and running, convince them that their fancy shmancy satellites can be used for other types of good, like scientific research. Everyone loves science!
3) Sob story time. Plead your case about how it’s really, really hard to try and count emperor penguins. Explain how you’ve tried attaching radio transmitters, climbing on ladders above their huddling masses, and even attempted to use jets to track them from the air, but to no avail. These suckers are hard to count. Plus Antartica’s really cold so no one wants to go there in person.
4) Tell the super secret government spy people that they could easily solve the worlds penguin counting problems if they just took a few minutes out of their day to take satellite photos of emperor penguins in Antartica!
5) Offer to pay.
Please note that these five steps only work for counting emperor penguins in the wild. If you just want to count any old group of penguins, there are easier ways. One way would be to go to the New England Aquarium. Or South Africa, which is way warmer than Antartica and has lots of penguins.